village is probably most famous as the birth place of Captain James Cook.
He was born in 1728 in a cottage in what is now the grounds of Stewart
Park. This cottage was demolished when Bartholomew Rudd Esq had Marton
Other notable people
lived in Marton and were involved in the making of the new town of Middlesbrough
into what it is today. The most influential of these were John Vaughan
and Henry Bolckow, these two most important Ironmasters started the extraction
of ironstone in the Eston Hills and started the whole Iron and Steel industry.
Henry W.F Bolckow bought
Marton Hall estate and had built a new Marton Hall in place of the old
hall that had burnt down. It was Henry Bolckow who had the granite urn
made and placed in the position of Cook's birthplace which is still there
today. Bolckow's hall also suffered the same fate as the old hall being
demolished in 1960 and then replaced by a huge glass house ( at this time
the estate had been given to the people of Middlesbrough). Unfortunately
this is also gone now and all that stands in the area is a covered walkway
that was at the back of Marton Hall.
John Vaughan lived in
Gunnergate Hall, a house built in 1857 for Charles Leatham, a wealthy
Quaker banker, situated in grounds to the south west of the village. This
hall has also gone now but two lodges still survive. When John Vaughan
died in 1868 the house passed to his son Thomas, who spent lavishly on
it. The hall was next sold to Carl Bolckow, nephew of Henry, who then
sold it to Raylton Dixon the Middlesbrough shipbuilder, in 1888. After
Raylton died the house was unoccupied and was taken over by the army during
the two world wars and rapidly fell into disrepair. It was eventually
demolished in 1946.